Cutting Fabric

Cutting room is an extremely important section of the garment manufacturing process which has a major impact on the profitability of the business. It is therefore important to an efficient management of the cutting room in garment manufacturing process.

Textile Cutting Room In Faisalabad
  • The cutting room is the feeding point to the factory has the massive impact on all the further processes of garment manufacturing i.e. sewing, finishing etc.
  • Efficient and well-planned operations in cutting room ensure smooth flow of work to all further processes and can definitely lift up the utilization of the available resources.
  • Cutting room controls the utilization of fabric which is the biggest contributor to the cost of any garment. Even small wastage or saving of the fabric will have a huge effect on the margins of the orders.
  • Cutting being the first operation of garment manufacturing lays the foundation of quality of the garment to be made. Any imperfection in cutting process can result in non-conformance of the quality standards of all further processes.

Cutting Process Flow Chart

Cutting Process Flow Chart

Lay Planning and Marker Making Processes:

When all the necessary data about the textile materials delivered to the cutting room have been obtained, lay planning and marker making processes may be further work processes in the cutting room. Several factors that influence productivity and work efficiency in the cutting room are taken into account in performing the lay planning process. The most important of these are:

    • The number of articles ordered for each size of a style.
    • The optimum use of the fabric to minimise any fabric wastage.
    • The technological limits of the spreading and cutting processes.
    • Fabric stageThe optimum use of time and labour.
    • Garment Dyeing

Generally there are two types of fabric cutting techniques; they are portable cutting and stationary cutting. With the advancement in technology there have been improvements in fabric techniques also like Automated, Numerically Controlled cutting systems, which has Automatic blade cutting, Laser cutting, Water jet cutting, Die cutting etc.


In apparel manufacturing, a marker is a special kind of stencil that illustrates how pattern pieces of one or more garments should be cut from several layers of fabric. The person who arranges the marker is the marker planner.

Spreading is the process of superimposing lengths of fabrics on a spreading table or cutting table. Spread or Lay up: It is the total amount of fabric prepared for a single marker. A spread may consist of a single ply or multiple plies.

Cutting is the process of separating a spread into garment components as a replica of pattern pieces on a marker. It also involves transferring marks and notches from the marker to garment components to facilitate sewing.



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